|Our Mission||Elliot Cole, PhD||A Book With Case Studies|
The mission of the Institute for Cognitive Prosthetics (ICP) is to refine and adapt the Hospital-to-Home modality of telehealth to a broad array of medical conditions, diseases, and clinical services. ICP has shown that the Hospital-to-Home modality enables therapists to treat patients who had plateaued in conventional in-clinic therapy, and have them rapidly begin to make further gains in therapy and recovery. Most patients have been able to make gains. Some patients made remarkable gains. Patients become active and emotionally engaged in the process of their therapy, which is far better than achieving just patient compliance.
The Hospital-to-Home modality is actually a Hospital-to-patient’s-settings model, where the setting is often the home but also includes school, the workplace, and the community. The setting is environment in which the patient engages in life’s activities. Clinicians are able to achieve substantial clinical outcomes by gaining more information about the patient in those physical and social environments. This information leads to better focused and more effective therapy and treatment. When the patients are treated in their natural environments, it is easier for them to carry over the results of therapy and clinical recommendation, and to integrate them into their lives. And this is what it means for a patient to be active and engages in managing their care.
Hospital-to-Home Telehealth Sessions™ is ICP’s current product for advancing our mission. To learn more about Hospital-to-Home Telehealth Sessions™, please call us at 610-715-0400, orto email us.
Elliot Cole, PhD
Elliot Cole, PhD, is the founder and president of the Institute for Cognitive Prosthetics. Dr. Cole is a computer scientist, and is internationally recognized for his expertise in designing computing technology for treating cognitive disabilities, as well Hospital-To-Home telehealth. More recently, he developed Patient-Centered Design, a process for personalized medicine therapy that can produce high levels of patient compliance and engagement. In computer science, his interest is Human-Centered Computing, looking at ways that individuals and groups can use computers to better achieve own ends. This fits in well with his work in telehealth. His focus has been on expanding the boundaries of therapy for cognitive and physical disabilities, increasing techniques for therapists to treat their patients.
In the mid-1980s, he was given a tour of a residential traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation center, and became convinced that computer technology could reduce some of the disabilities experienced by individuals following a TBI. A pilot study provided Proof-of-Concept, that computer software could be a cognitive prosthesis for TBI. His publication on this work was the first on cognitive disorders in the field of computer science.
He then founded the Institute for Cognitive Prosthetics as a R&D center, with the mission of bringing technology to the TBI rehabilitation field. This focus was then expanded to cognitive disabilities from other diseases. Recently he has been exploring opportunities in Autism Spectrum Disorder and dyslexia.
Dr. Cole built the R&D staff with people from a dozen clinical disciplines and several computing disciplines, coupled with healthcare research.
The National Institutes of Health awarded several grants to the Dr. Cole, including grants from the Division of Fundamental Neuroscience. Participating clinical sites included the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Dartmouth Medical School, and Moss Rehabilitation Hospital. Dr. Cole served as an NIH Study Section member for six years; Study Sections provide the scientific peer review of research proposals. Dr. Cole has also served as a proposal reviewer for the National Science Foundation, The Department of Defense, the National Institute for Disabilities and Rehabilitation Research, and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
Dr. Cole is the author of more than 100 papers and presentations at scientific and professional meetings in North America, United Kingdom, Europe, and Australia. He was a Visiting Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania’s Organizational Dynamics program, for the 2012/2013 academic year where he was exploring issues of the diffusion of technological innovation in healthcare.
A book with case studies and models, by Dr. Elliot Cole
Patient-Centered Design of Cognitive Assistive Technology for Traumatic Brain Injury Telerehabilitation, a book by Elliot Cole, PhD, 2013. Available for free download in many academic libraries. Available for purchase at morganclaypool.com for the PDF and PDF Plus electronic versions and on Amazon.com for the print edition and content-preview. This book is part of the Morgan and Claypool computer science series on Assistive, Rehabilitative, & Health-Preserving Technologies.
Computer software has been productive in helping individuals with cognitive disabilities. Personalizing the user interface is an important strategy in designing software for these users, because of the barriers created by conventional user interfaces for the cognitively disabled. Cognitive assistive technology (CAT) has typically been used to provide help with everyday activities, outside of cognitive rehabilitation therapy.
This book describes a quarter-century of computing R&D at the Institute for Cognitive Prosthetics, focusing on the needs of individuals with cognitive disabilities from brain injury. Models and methods from Human Computer Interaction (HCI) have been particularly valuable, initially in illuminating those needs. Subsequently HCI methods have expanded CAT to be powerful rehabilitation therapy tools, restoring some damaged cognitive abilities which have resisted conventional therapy.
Patient-Centered Design (PCD) emerged as a design methodology which incorporates both clinical and technical factors. PCD also takes advantage of the patient’s ability to redesign and refine the user interface, and to achieve a very good fit between user and system. Therapy delivered to the home makes it practical to integrate the patient’s actual activities into therapy, and has a rich set of advantages for the many stakeholders involved with brain injury rehabilitation.
Table of Contents
Overview / Some Clinical Features of the Cognitive Disabilities Domain / Adapting Computer Software To Address Cognitive Disabilities / The Primacy of the User Interface / Patient-Centered Design / Cognitive Prosthetics Telerehabilitation / The Active User and the Engaged User / Outcomes and Anomalies / Conclusions, Factors Influencing Outcomes, Anomalies, and Opportunities.
To learn more about Hospital-to-Home Telehealth Sessions™, please call us at 610-715-0400, orto email us.